Imrin the 1990s, scientists began using Functional MRIs (fMRIs) to see how the brain functions. A fMRI is different than a normal MRI that looks at the structure of the brain. A fMRI takes baseline images of the brain while it is at rest and then compares them to imaging of the brain while it is doing an activity. Because of this technology, the understanding of how the brain works has increased tenfold, covering everything from brain injuries, memory, stress, and learning disabilities. All of this information has transformed what we know about learning.

Check out John Medina’s website on brain rules. This provides a great overview of the brain and how it affects learning. All instructional designers should be familiar with his “rules” since they will influence how you design and develop online content, such as, “Vision trumps all other senses.”

Brain Rules by John Medina

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